The author of 1812 The Land Between Flowing Waters represents Brock as having a low opinion of the policies of Upper Canada’s first Lieutenant Governor, John Graves
“Of course, it’s all Simcoe’s fault!”
“Sir?” Lockwood asked.
“Old Governor Simcoe. You know what I mean! After the Loyalists, he let in all those Yankees and Dissenters. Now, not one man in five actually fought for the Crown. God knows if a single one would fight today. It fair shrinks my liver to think on it.”
The views the author attributes to Brock are factually correct, but hardly charitable to Simcoe. Though war with the United States was a constant concern during Simcoe’s tenure, 1792-96, London sent him to develop Upper Canada economically, a task that could be accomplished expediently only by encouraging immigration from the south. The ‘Dissenters’ Brock refers to were pacifists of the Society of Friends (Quakers) and Mennonites. Exemplary agriculturalists and imminently governable in most ways, immigrant Quakers in particular sought land that was not tainted by slavery [Arthur Dorland, Quakers in Canada, a History, pages 56-61.] Over the twenty years since 1792, ‘Yankees’ came as well, seeking areas safe from First Nations defending their homelands, as Nations did with great persistence in western Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana. America’s burgeoning settler population had a choice between expanding into the west to displace its enraged occupants, or into Upper Canada, where land treaties were procured in an orderly manner without undue rancour, at least in those early Simcoe years. The choice seemed a fairly easy one. These “late loyalists” came north to live in safety – but many brought a rebellion-born, active contempt of the British rule that made safety possible.
Simcoe lacked Brock’s foresight in regard to selectively discriminate immigration, but in other ways, he was a remarkable visionary. By the anti-slavery legislation he guided into reality in 1793, by the opening of Upper Canada to Nations fleeing war in northern Ohio [Fallen Timbers] in 1794, Simcoe created a tradition of sanctuary that the author hopes will endure in Canada.
John Glegg was not promoted to major until August, 1812. For literary purposes, the author has found it convenient to elevate him in rank a bit early.